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Flyway Documentation

This documentation site is not updated. The new documentation can now be found on


Gradle Plugin

The Flyway Gradle plugin supports Gradle 3.x, Gradle 4.x, Gradle 5.x, and Gradle 6.x running on Java 8, Java 9, Java 10, Java 11 or Java 12.


plugins {
    id "org.flywaydb.flyway" version "9.8.1"
repositories {
    maven {
        url ""
plugins {
    id "org.flywaydb.enterprise.flyway" version "9.8.1"
By downloading Flyway Teams/Enterprise Gradle Plugin you confirm that you have read and agree to the terms of the Redgate EULA.

For older versions see Accessing Older Versions of Flyway


Name Description
flywayMigrate Migrates the database
flywayClean Drops all objects in the configured schemas
flywayInfo Prints the details and status information about all the migrations
flywayValidate Validates the applied migrations against the ones available on the classpath
flywayUndo Flyway Teams Undoes the most recently applied versioned migration
flywayBaseline Baselines an existing database, excluding all migrations up to and including baselineVersion
flywayRepair Repairs the schema history table


The Flyway Gradle plugin can be configured in a wide variety of following ways, which can all be combined at will.

Build script (single database)

The easiest way is to simply define a Flyway section in your build.gradle:

flyway {
    url = 'jdbc:h2:mem:mydb'
    user = 'myUsr'
    password = 'mySecretPwd'
    schemas = ['schema1', 'schema2', 'schema3']
    placeholders = [
        'keyABC': 'valueXYZ',
        'otherplaceholder': 'value123'

Build script (multiple databases)

To migrate multiple database you have the option to extend the various Flyway tasks in your build.gradle:

task migrateDatabase1(type: org.flywaydb.gradle.task.FlywayMigrateTask) {
    url = 'jdbc:h2:mem:mydb1'
    user = 'myUsr1'
    password = 'mySecretPwd1'

task migrateDatabase2(type: org.flywaydb.gradle.task.FlywayMigrateTask) {
    url = 'jdbc:h2:mem:mydb2'
    user = 'myUsr2'
    password = 'mySecretPwd2'

Java migrations and callbacks

When using Java migrations and callbacks with the gradle Flyway plugin, you need to ensure that the classes have been compiled before running the flywayMigrate (or flywayClean etc) task.

You can do this by explicitly running the classes task before flywayMigrate e.g. gradle classes flywayMigrate.

Alternatively you can make the flywayMigrate task depend on classes.

dependencies {
    compile "org.flywaydb:flyway-core:${flywayVersion}"

flyway {
    url = 'jdbc:h2:mem:mydb'
    user = 'myUsr'
    password = 'mySecretPwd'
    locations = ['classpath:db/migration']

// we need to build classes before we can migrate
flywayMigrate.dependsOn classes

Extending the default classpath

By default the Flyway Gradle plugin uses a classpath consisting of the following Gradle configurations for loading drivers, migrations, resolvers, callbacks, etc.:

  • Gradle 4.x and newer: compileClasspath, runtimeClasspath, testCompileClasspath and testRuntimeClasspath
  • Gradle 3.x: compileClasspath, runtime, testCompileClasspath and testRuntime

You can optionally extend this default classpath with your own custom configurations in build.gradle as follows:

// Start by defining a custom configuration like 'provided', 'migration' or similar
configurations {

// Declare your dependencies as usual for each configuration
dependencies {
    compile "org.flywaydb:flyway-core:${flywayVersion}"
    flywayMigration "com.mygroupid:my-lib:1.2.3"

flyway {
    url = 'jdbc:h2:mem:mydb'
    user = 'myUsr'
    password = 'mySecretPwd'
    schemas = ['schema1', 'schema2', 'schema3']
    placeholders = [
        'keyABC': 'valueXYZ',
        'otherplaceholder': 'value123'
    // Include your custom configuration here in addition to any default ones you want included
    configurations = [ 'compileClasspath', 'flywayMigration' ]

For details on how to setup and use custom Gradle configurations, see the official Gradle documentation.

Adding dependencies on Flyway Database Types

For some Flyway database types, like Cloud Spanner and SQL Server, you’ll need to add a dependency to the database type in a buildscript closure to get your Gradle commands to work properly. This puts the database type on the build classpath, and not the project classpath.

Here is an example build.gradle:

buildscript {
    repositories {
    dependencies {
        classpath "org.flywaydb:flyway-mysql:9.8.1 "

Without this you may see an error like the following: No database found to handle jdbc:...

Working directory

Some databases can take a relative path inside the JDBC url (such as to specify a file to write to). When running the Flyway gradle plugin, this is relative to ~/.gradle/ not the configuration location. This may not be what you expected, so you may want to specify the path more explicitly such as in the following example:

flyway {
    url = "jdbc:h2:file:${System.getProperty('user.dir')}/<database>"
    user = <user>

Gradle properties

The plugin can also be configured using Gradle properties. Their can be passed either directly via the command-line:

> gradle -Pflyway.user=myUsr -Pflyway.schemas=schema1,schema2 -Pflyway.placeholders.keyABC=valXYZ

or via a file:


# List are defined as comma-separated values

# Individual placeholders are prefixed by flyway.placeholders.

They can they be accessed as follows from your build.gradle:


Environment Variables

To make it ease to work with cloud and containerized environments, Flyway also supports configuration via environment variables. Check out the Flyway environment variable reference for details.

System properties

Configuration can also be supplied directly via the command-line using JVM system properties:

> gradle -Dflyway.user=myUser -Dflyway.schemas=schema1,schema2 -Dflyway.placeholders.keyABC=valueXYZ

Config files

Config files are supported by the Flyway Gradle plugin. If you are not familiar with them, check out the Flyway config file structure and settings reference first.

Flyway will search for and automatically load the <user-home>/flyway.conf config file if present.

It is also possible to point Flyway at one or more additional config files. This is achieved by supplying the System property flyway.configFiles as follows:

> gradle -Dflyway.configFiles=path/to/myAlternativeConfig.conf flywayMigrate

To pass in multiple files, separate their names with commas:

> gradle -Dflyway.configFiles=path/to/myAlternativeConfig.conf,other.conf flywayMigrate

Relative paths are relative to the directory containing your build.gradle file.

Alternatively you can also use the FLYWAY_CONFIG_FILES environment variable for this. When set it will take preference over the command-line parameter.

> export FLYWAY_CONFIG_FILES=path/to/myAlternativeConfig.conf,other.conf

By default Flyway loads configuration files using UTF-8. To use an alternative encoding, pass the system property flyway.configFileEncoding as follows:

> gradle -Dflyway.configFileEncoding=ISO-8859-1 flywayMigrate

This is also possible via the flyway section of your build.gradle or via Gradle properties, as described above.

Alternatively you can also use the FLYWAY_CONFIG_FILE_ENCODING environment variable for this. When set it will take preference over the command-line parameter.


Overriding order

The Flyway Gradle plugin has been carefully designed to load and override configuration in a sensible order.

Settings are loaded in the following order (higher items in the list take precedence over lower ones):

  1. System properties
  2. Environment variables
  3. Custom config files
  4. Gradle properties
  5. Flyway configuration section in build.gradle
  6. <user-home>/flyway.conf
  7. Flyway Gradle plugin defaults

The means that if for example flyway.url is both present in a config file and passed as -Dflyway.url= from the command-line, the JVM system property passed in via the command-line will take precedence and be used.

Gradle: migrate