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Command-line: validate

Validate applied migrations against resolved ones (on the filesystem or classpath) to detect accidental changes that may prevent the schema(s) from being recreated exactly.

Validation fails if

  • differences in migration names, types or checksums are found
  • versions have been applied that aren’t resolved locally anymore
  • versions have been resolved that haven’t been applied yet

validate

Usage

> flyway [options] validate

Options

Option Required Default Description
url YES The jdbc url to use to connect to the database
driver NO Auto-detected based on url The fully qualified classname of the jdbc driver to use to connect to the database
user NO The user to use to connect to the database
password NO The password to use to connect to the database
connectRetries NO 0 The maximum number of retries when attempting to connect to the database. After each failed attempt, Flyway will wait 1 second before attempting to connect again, up to the maximum number of times specified by connectRetries.
initSql NO none The SQL statements to run to initialize a new database connection immediately after opening it.
defaultSchema NO The default schema for the database connection The default schema managed by Flyway. This schema name is case-sensitive.

Consequences:

  • This schema will be automatically set as the default one during the migration.
  • This schema will also be the one containing the schema history table.
  • If this schema is not specified then it will default to the first member of schemas.
schemas NO The default schema for the database connection Comma-separated list of schemas managed by Flyway. These schema names are case-sensitive.

Consequences:

  • Flyway will automatically attempt to create all these schemas, unless the first one already exists.
  • The schemas will be cleaned in the order of this list.
  • If Flyway created them, the schemas themselves will as be dropped when cleaning.
  • defaultSchema will default to the first member of this list if not explicitly specified.
Read more about Flyway support for multiple schemas in our FAQs
table NO flyway_schema_history The name of Flyway's schema history table.
By default (single-schema mode) the schema history table is placed in the default schema for the connection provided by the datasource.
When the flyway.schemas property is set (multi-schema mode), the schema history table is placed in the first schema of the list.
locations NO filesystem:<install-dir>/sql Comma-separated list of locations to scan recursively for migrations. The location type is determined by its prefix.
Unprefixed locations or locations starting with classpath: point to a package on the classpath and may contain both SQL and Java-based migrations.
Locations starting with filesystem: point to a directory on the filesystem, may only contain SQL migrations and are only scanned recursively down non-hidden directories.
Locations can contain wildcards. This allows matching against a path pattern instead of a single path. Supported wildcards:
  • ** : Matches any 0 or more directories. (e.g. db/**/test will match db/version1.0/test, db/version2.0/test, db/development/version/1.0/test but not db/version1.0/release)
  • * : Matches any 0 or more non-separator characters. (e.g. db/release1.* will match db/release1.0, db/release1.1, db/release1.123 but not db/release2.0)
  • ? : Matches any 1 non-separator character. (e.g. db/release1.? will match db/release1.0, db/release1.1 but not db/release1.11)
color NO n/a (Command line flag only) Whether to colorize output. If set to 'auto', will print color if a console is detected. Defaults to 'auto'. (always, never, or auto)
jarDirs NO <install-dir>/jars Comma-separated list of directories containing JDBC drivers and Java-based migrations
sqlMigrationPrefix NO V

The file name prefix for versioned SQL migrations.

Versioned SQL migrations have the following file name structure: prefixVERSIONseparatorDESCRIPTIONsuffix , which using the defaults translates to V1.1__My_description.sql
undoSqlMigrationPrefix Flyway Teams 🡒 NO U

The file name prefix for undo SQL migrations.

Undo SQL migrations are responsible for undoing the effects of the versioned migration with the same version.

They have the following file name structure: prefixVERSIONseparatorDESCRIPTIONsuffix , which using the defaults translates to U1.1__My_description.sql
repeatableSqlMigrationPrefix NO R

The file name prefix for repeatable SQL migrations.

Repeatable SQL migrations have the following file name structure: prefixSeparatorDESCRIPTIONsuffix , which using the defaults translates to R__My_description.sql
sqlMigrationSeparator NO __ The file name separator for Sql migrations
sqlMigrationSuffixes NO .sql

Comma-separated list of file name suffixes for SQL migrations.

SQL migrations have the following file name structure: prefixVERSIONseparatorDESCRIPTIONsuffix , which using the defaults translates to V1_1__My_description.sql

Multiple suffixes (like .sql,.pkg,.pkb) can be specified for easier compatibility with other tools such as editors with specific file associations.
validateMigrationNaming NO false Whether to ignore migration files whose names do not match the naming conventions.

If false, files with invalid names are ignored and Flyway continues normally. If true, Flyway fails fast and lists the offending files.
encoding NO UTF-8 The encoding of Sql migrations
placeholderReplacement NO true Whether placeholders should be replaced
placeholders.name NO Placeholders to replace in Sql migrations
placeholderPrefix NO ${ The prefix of every placeholder
placeholderSuffix NO } The suffix of every placeholder
resolvers NO Comma-separated list of fully qualified class names of custom MigrationResolver implementations to be used in addition to the built-in ones for resolving Migrations to apply.
skipDefaultResolvers NO false Whether default built-in resolvers (sql, jdbc and spring-jdbc) should be skipped. If true, only custom resolvers are used.
callbacks NO Comma-separated list of fully qualified class names of Callback implementations to use to hook into the Flyway lifecycle.
skipDefaultCallbacks NO false Whether default built-in callbacks (sql) should be skipped. If true, only custom callbacks are used.
target NO latest The target version up to which Flyway should consider migrations. Migrations with a higher version number will be ignored.
Special values:
  • current: designates the current version of the schema
  • latest: the latest version of the schema, as defined by the migration with the highest version
outOfOrder NO false Allows migrations to be run "out of order".

If you already have versions 1 and 3 applied, and now a version 2 is found, it will be applied too instead of being ignored.

cleanOnValidationError NO false Whether to automatically call clean or not when a validation error occurs.

This is exclusively intended as a convenience for development. Even though we strongly recommend not to change migration scripts once they have been checked into SCM and run, this provides a way of dealing with this case in a smooth manner. The database will be wiped clean automatically, ensuring that the next migration will bring you back to the state checked into SCM.

Warning ! Do not enable in production !
ignoreMissingMigrations NO false Ignore missing migrations when reading the schema history table. These are migrations that were performed by an older deployment of the application that are no longer available in this version. For example: we have migrations available on the classpath with versions 1.0 and 3.0. The schema history table indicates that a migration with version 2.0 (unknown to us) has also been applied. Instead of bombing out (fail fast) with an exception, a warning is logged and Flyway continues normally. This is useful for situations where one must be able to deploy a newer version of the application even though it doesn't contain migrations included with an older one anymore.
ignoreIgnoredMigrations NO false Ignore ignored migrations when reading the schema history table. These are migrations that were added in between already migrated migrations in this version. For example: we have migrations available on the classpath with versions from 1.0 to 3.0. The schema history table indicates that version 1 was finished on 1.0.15, and the next one was 2.0.0. But with the next release a new migration was added to version 1: 1.0.16. Such scenario is ignored by migrate command, but by default is rejected by validate. When ignoreIgnoredMigrations is enabled, such case will not be reported by validate command. This is useful for situations where one must be able to deliver complete set of migrations in a delivery package for multiple versions of the product, and allows for further development of older versions.
ignorePendingMigrations NO false Ignore pending migrations when reading the schema history table. These are migrations that are available but have not yet been applied. This can be useful for verifying that in-development migration changes don't contain any validation-breaking changes of migrations that have already been applied to a production environment, e.g. as part of a CI/CD process, without failing because of the existence of new migration versions.
ignoreFutureMigrations NO true Ignore future migrations when reading the schema history table. These are migrations that were performed by a newer deployment of the application that are not yet available in this version. For example: we have migrations available on the classpath up to version 3.0. The schema history table indicates that a migration to version 4.0 (unknown to us) has already been applied. Instead of bombing out (fail fast) with an exception, a warning is logged and Flyway continues normally. This is useful for situations where one must be able to redeploy an older version of the application after the database has been migrated by a newer one.
oracle.sqlplus NO false Enable Flyway's support for Oracle SQL*Plus commands
oracle.sqlplusWarn NO false Whether Flyway should issue a warning instead of an error whenever it encounters an Oracle SQL*Plus statement it doesn't yet support.
workingDirectory NO default for client The working directory to consider when dealing with relative paths for both config files and locations.
licenseKey NO none Your Flyway license key (FL01...). Not yet a Flyway Pro or Enterprise Edition customer? Request your Flyway trial license key to try out Flyway Pro and Enterprise Edition features free for 30 days.

Sample configuration

flyway.driver=org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver
flyway.url=jdbc:hsqldb:file:/db/flyway_sample
flyway.user=SA
flyway.password=mySecretPwd
flyway.connectRetries=10
flyway.initSql=SET ROLE 'myuser'
flyway.schemas=schema1,schema2,schema3
flyway.table=schema_history
flyway.locations=classpath:com.mycomp.migration,database/migrations,filesystem:/sql-migrations
flyway.sqlMigrationPrefix=Migration-
flyway.undoSqlMigrationPrefix=downgrade
flyway.repeatableSqlMigrationPrefix=RRR
flyway.sqlMigrationSeparator=__
flyway.sqlMigrationSuffixes=.sql,.pkg,.pkb
flyway.encoding=ISO-8859-1
flyway.placeholderReplacement=true
flyway.placeholders.aplaceholder=value
flyway.placeholders.otherplaceholder=value123
flyway.placeholderPrefix=#[
flyway.placeholderSuffix=]
flyway.resolvers=com.mycomp.project.CustomResolver,com.mycomp.project.AnotherResolver
flyway.skipDefaultResolvers=false
flyway.callbacks=com.mycomp.project.CustomCallback,com.mycomp.project.AnotherCallback
flyway.skipDefaultCallbacks=false
flyway.target=5.1
flyway.outOfOrder=false
flyway.cleanOnValidationError=false
flyway.ignoreMissingMigrations=false
flyway.ignoreIgnoredMigrations=false
flyway.ignorePendingMigrations=false
flyway.ignoreFutureMigrations=false
flyway.oracle.sqlplus=true
flyway.oracle.sqlplusWarn=true
flyway.workingDirectory=C:/myProject

Sample output

> flyway validate

Flyway 7.3.0 by Redgate

No migrations applied yet. No validation necessary.

Command-line: undo